Quick Answer: How can infectious diseases be transmitted?

What are four ways that infection can be spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What are the 5 ways infectious diseases are transmitted?

Five common ways germs are spread:

  • Nose, mouth, or eyes to hands to others: Germs can spread to the hands by sneezing, coughing, or rubbing the eyes and then can be transferred to other family members or friends.
  • Hands to food:
  • Food to hands to food:
  • Infected child to hands to other children:
  • Animals to people:

What are 2 ways diseases are transmitted?

There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person. Indirect contact transmission occurs when there is no direct human-to-human contact.

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What are the three routes of transmission for infectious diseases?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

How can infectious diseases be prevented?

Can infectious diseases be prevented?

  1. Washing your hands with soap and water, thoroughly and frequently.
  2. Covering your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough.
  3. Disinfecting frequently touched surfaces in your home and workplace.
  4. Avoiding contact with sick people or sharing personal items with them.

Which of the following is an infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. They can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.

What are the 6 modes of transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle.

What are three ways you can protect yourself from infectious diseases?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.

  • Handle & Prepare Food Safely.
  • Wash Hands Often.
  • Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces.
  • Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve.
  • Don’t Share Personal Items.
  • Get Vaccinated.
  • Avoid Touching Wild Animals.

What causes the spread of diseases?

Person to person. Infectious diseases commonly spread through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can happen when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.

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What are examples of airborne diseases?

Types of airborne diseases

  • Coronavirus and COVID-19. The CDC recommends that all people wear cloth face masks in public places where it’s difficult to maintain a 6-foot distance from others.
  • The common cold.
  • Influenza.
  • Chickenpox.
  • Mumps.
  • Measles.
  • Whooping cough (pertussis)
  • Tuberculosis (TB)

What diseases are transmitted through saliva?

Here are a few other illnesses which can work their way from your saliva into your nose, throat and lungs:

  • Rhinovirus (colds)
  • Flu virus.
  • Epstein-Barr virus (mononucleosis, or mono)
  • Type 1 herpes (cold sores)
  • Strep bacteria.
  • Hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
  • Cytomegalovirus (a risk for babies in the womb)

Can a bacteria be cured?

Many human illnesses are caused by infection with either bacteria or viruses. Most bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Viruses pose a challenge to the body’s immune system because they hide inside cells.

What is the most common route of transmission?

Contact is the most frequent mode of transmission of health care associated infections and can be divided into: direct and indirect. An example of contact transmitted microorganisms is Noroviruses which are responsible for many gastrointestinal infections.

How do viruses enter the human body?

In humans, viruses that cause disease like cold and flu are spread through bodily fluids, like spit or snot. The virus is so small that it leaves our bodies in these fluids, and can even float through the air in droplets from a sneeze or cough. The virus can enter the body through the eyes, nose, or mouth.

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What are the main routes that infection can enter the body?

Pathogens can enter the body by coming into contact with broken skin, being breathed in or eaten, coming into contact with the eyes, nose and mouth or, for example when needles or catheters are inserted.

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