How can a functional group affect an organic compound?

What is the role of functional group in an organic compound?

In organic chemistry, a functional group is a specific group of atoms or bonds within a compound that is responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of that compound. The same functional group will behave in a similar fashion, by undergoing similar reactions, regardless of the compound of which it is a part.

What is an example of how a functional group can affect the properties of an organic compound?

Give an example of how a functional group can affect the properties of an organic compound. One functional group important to living things, the hydroxyl group, -OH, can make the molecule it is attached to polar. It is produced when one water molecule is produced each time two monomers form a covalent bond.

Can an organic compound have more than one functional group?

chemistry – organic-naming compounds with more than one functional group. The priority of the functional groups are listed below from highest to lowest priority carboxyl groups been the highest in priority. Alcohols have the hydroxy (OH) functional group while amines have the amino (NH2) functional group.

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What is meant by functional group in an organic compound?

(a) An ‘atom’ or ‘a group of atoms’ which makes a carbon compound (or organic compound) reactive and decides its properties (or functions) is called a functional group. The alcohol group, −OH, present in ethanol, C2H5OH, is an example of a functional group.

What is an aldehyde functional group?

Aldehydes are considered the most important functional group. They are often called the formyl or methanoyl group. Aldehydes derive their name from the dehydration of alcohols. Aldehydes contain the carbonyl group bonded to at least one hydrogen atom. Ketones contain the carbonyl group bonded to two carbon atoms.

What is an amide functional group?

The amide functional group has an nitrogen atom attached to a carbonyl carbon atom. If the two remaining bonds on the nitrogen atom are attached to hydrogen atoms, the compound is a simple amide. Simple amides are named as derivatives of carboxylic acids.

What is the functional group of ketone?

Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones. Aldehydes and ketones are organic compounds which incorporate a carbonyl functional group, C=O. The carbon atom of this group has two remaining bonds that may be occupied by hydrogen or alkyl or aryl substituents.

What is an alcohol functional group?

Alcohols contain the hydroxy functional group (-OH), bonded to a carbon atom of an alkyl or substituted alkyl group. The functional group of an alcohol is the hydroxyl group, –OH.

What functional group is COOH?

The carboxyl (COOH) group is so-named because of the carbonyl group (C=O) and hydroxyl group. Alcohols may be oxidized to give aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids. The oxidation of organic compounds generally increases the number of bonds from carbon to oxygen, and it may decrease the number of bonds to hydrogen.

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Is alkyne a functional group?

Alkynes are organic molecules made of the functional group carbon-carbon triple bonds and are written in the empirical formula of CnH2n−2. They are unsaturated hydrocarbons. Like alkenes have the suffix –ene, alkynes use the ending –yne; this suffix is used when there is only one alkyne in the molecule.

Is double bond functional group?

Double and triple bonds are known as functional groups, a term that is used to identify atoms or groups of atoms within a molecule that are sites of comparatively high reactivity. A second type of reactive site results when an atom other than carbon or hydrogen (termed a heteroatom) is bonded to carbon.

How many functional groups can a compound have?

A single compound often contains several functional groups. The six-carbon sugar molecules glucose and fructose, for example, contain aldehyde and ketone groups, respectively, and both contain five alcohol groups (a compound with several alcohol groups is often referred to as a ‘polyol’).

What are the three functional groups?

Each type of organic molecule has its own specific type of functional group. Functional groups in biological molecules play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. Functional groups include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl.

Is alkene a functional group?

They include alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and aromatics. The latter three are considered different types of functional groups. Alkanes are not usually considered as functional groups; instead, an alkane is a compound that lacks functional groups. The functional group in an alkene is a carbon-carbon double bond.

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How do you name organic compounds?

In summary, the name of the compound is written out with the substituents in alphabetical order followed by the base name (derived from the number of carbons in the parent chain). Commas are used between numbers and dashes are used between letters and numbers. There are no spaces in the name.

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